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· 國際專利檢索
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E-MAIL:info@cnpat.com


REGULATIONS ON PATENT COMMISSIONING


(Promulgated on March 4, 1991) 

Chapter 1 General Principles


Article 1
     With a view to guaranteeing the legitimate rights of patent  agencies and consignors and ensuring the normal  working  of patent commissioning services, these Regulations hereof are formulated.

Article 2
     Patent commissioning stated here denotes patent  application  or  the handling of other patent- related affairs by patent agencies on behalf  of their consignors and within their authorized powers.


Chapter 2 Patent Agencies


Article 3
     Patent agencies stated here denote  service organs that apply  for patents or handle  other patent-related  affairs  on  behalf  of  their consignors and within their authorized powers.
     Patent agencies include:
     (1) those that handle foreign patent-related affairs;
     (2) those that handle domestic patent-related affairs; and
     (3) law firms that handle domestic patent-related affairs.

Article 4
      Establishment  of  a  patent  agency  shall  require  the  following conditions:
     (1) having a name, articles of association and fixed work place of its own;
     (2) having necessary capital and work installations;
     (3) being financially independent and able to meet civil liabilities independently; and
     (4) employing three or more special staff members qualified as patent agents and a proportionate number of likewise qualified spare-time working staff as stipulated by the China Administration of Patents (CAP).
     Law firms engaged in patent commissioning must have special staff for the business stated in item (4) of the previous paragraph.

Article 5
     To apply for the  establishment  of  a  patent  agency at a patent administration, the following documents must be presented:
     (1)  a  letter  of  application  with  the  name, office  space  and responsible person's name stated;
     (2) the articles of association of the patent agency;
      (3)  the  names  of  patent  agents  and   their certificates of qualification; and
     (4) written proof of the amount of capital and installations of the patent of the agency.
 
Article 6
     Patent agencies applying for the handling of domestic patent-related affairs or law firms applying for the same must have the consent of their governing authorities and their applications must be examined by patent administrations of provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities directly under the Central Government; in the absence of governing authorities, they may be directly examined by the later.  Upon agreement, the examining  authorities  shall  report  the  applications  to  CAP for approval.
     Patent agencies applying to handle foreign-related  patent  affairs must go through  procedures as stipulated in the Patent Law of the People's Republic of China. Such agencies,  upon  approval by CAP, can handle domestic patent affairs.

Article 7
     Patent agencies, as of the  date of approval,   can start handling patent-commissioning business in accordance with law, enjoy civil  rights  and meet civil liabilities.

Article 8
     Patent agencies shall deal with the following businesses:
     (1) providing patent-related consulting agencies;
     (2) writing on commission patent application documents and handling re-examination and other related affairs;
     (3) raising disagreement, asking for the  announcement of a patent right cancellation and other related affairs;
     (4)  handling the right of patent application, the transfer of patent right and patent permission and other related affairs;
     (5) appointing  patent  agents  to  serve  as  patent advisors upon invitation; and
     (6) other related matters.

Article 9
     When patent agencies accept consignments and  handle  business, they shall have a consignor's letter of commitment clearly stating commissioned
items and powers.
     If needed, a patent agency  may  designate  a  certain patent agent appointed by the consignor to handle the business.
     Patent agencies may charge commissions in accordance with relevant regulations of t he State.
 
Article 10
     After accepting a commission, a patent agency shall not accept the commission of rival consignors concerning patents with the  same  content.

Article 11
     Patent agencies shall employ as patent agents  persons  with  "Patent Agent Qualification Certificate". The latter shall go through necessary
procedures, be given  "Patent  Agent  Work  Permit"  by the former, and register at CAP.
     Beginners shall not be issued "Patent Agent Work Permit" until after a full year of apprenticeship.
     When patent agencies discharge their patent agents, they shall recover in time the latter's "Patent Agent Working Permit" and report such discharge to CAP.

Article 12
     When patent agencies change their names,  addresses  and  responsible persons, they shall report to CAP of such changes, which become effective
only after approval by the latter.
      When  a  patent  agency goes out of business,  it shall, after appropriately handling all unsettled affairs, report to  the  authorities that endorsed its opening and the latter shall be  responsible for going through all necessary procedures as CAP.

Article 13
     If an approved patent agency no longer meets the conditions stated in Article 4 of these Regulations hereof due to a change of circumstances and will not be able to meet such conditions within 1 year, the authorities that endorsed its opening should propose to CAP that it be canceled as a patent agency.

Chapter 3 Patent Agents


Article 14
     Patent agents that these Regulations hereof stated denote bearers of "Patent Agent Qualification Certificate" and of  "Patent  Agent  Working Permit".

Article 15
     Chinese citizens who support Constitution as the People's Republic of China and meet the following conditions may apply to be pate nt agents:
     (1) over the age of 18 with full capacity for civil behaviors;
     (2) graduates of college departments of sciences (or with  equivalent education) in command of one foreign language;
     (3) well-versed in the Patent Law and related legal knowledge; and
     (4) scientists or lawyers with upwards of 2 years of work experience.

Article 16
     Persons who apply to be patent agents will obtain CAP "Patent  Agent Qualification Certificate" after a panel of examination judges deem him or her qualified.
     The panel of judges is composed of persons from  CAP,  State Council department and organizations of patent agents.

Article 17
      Patent  agents  shall  handle  only  patent  commissioning services assigned by their patent agencies and shall not accept such services  on their own.

Article 18
     Patent agents shall handle patent commissioning services in two or more patent agencies simultaneously.
     Before quitting their jobs at patent agencies,  patent  agents  must appropriately conclude unsettled commissioned cases.

Article 19
     In case bearers of "Patent Agent Qualification Certificate"  fail to engage in patent commissioning business or patent-related management for 5 years, their "Patent Agent Qualification Certificates" are automatically  rendered ineffective.
  
Article 20
     Patent agents in the course  of  doing  their  professional  work or  within 1 year of their  quitting  their  profession  must  not  apply  for
patents.

Article 21
     Patent agents lawfully handling patent commissions shall be protected by State laws and their work shall not be interfered with  by any unit or individual.

Article 22
     State organ staff are forbidden to work at patent agencies and engage in patent commissioning service in their spare-time.

Article 23
     Patent agents have the responsibility to keep the inventions they get to know in the course of  their  rendering  commission  services  unless relevant patent application have been made public.

Chapter 4 Punishment

  
Article 24
     For one of the  following  offenses,  the governing  authorities  or patent  administrations  of the provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities directly under the Central Government may serve a warning to the offending patent agency; in cases  of  serious  offense,  CAP may punish it by ordering its close:
     (1) concealing facts in application;
     (2) changing major registration items by  itself;
     (3) accepting and handling patent commission services  unauthorizedly or beyond the approved business scope; and
     (4) other illegal activities.
 
Article 25
     For one of the following offenses on the part  of  patent  agents, relevant patent agencies may criticize the offenders if the cases are not  serious; in cases of serious offenses, patent agencies may discharge the offenders and revoke their "Patent Agent Work Permit";  relevant patent administrations of the provinces,  autonomous regions  or  municipalities dire ctly under the Central Government may serve each offender a  warning or CAP may revoke hi s or her "Patent Agent Qualification Certificate":
     (1) failing to fulfill his or her duties to the detriment of the interests of the consignors;
     (2) disclosing or stealing inventions of the consignors;
     (3) going beyond the powers of commission and causing damages to the interests of the consignors; and
      (4)  charging  through  accepting and  handling  patent  commission services without permission.
     If the commissaries' economic losses has been caused by the behaviors as stated in the  previous  paragraph,  relevant  patent  agencies, after making economic compensations, may charge the patent agent in question according to a given proportion.

Article 26
     If a patent agency ordered to close down as a punishment by CAP and a patent agent whose  "Patent  Agent  Qualification  Certificate"  has  been revoked do not agree with the decisions of  punishment, they may appeal to CAP for re-examination; if they still fail to be satisfied  with  the  CAP decision, they may bring the case to a people's court within  15  days  of the receipt of the CAP decision.

Chapter 5 Supplementary Articles


Article 27
     The right to interpret  these  Regulations   hereof  rests  with  CAP.

Article 28
     These Regulations hereof become effective as of April  1,  1991.  The Temporary Regulations  on  Patent  Commissioning  endorsed  by  the  State Council on September 4, 1985 and promulgated by CAP on September 12 of the same year is simultaneously canceled.

 
 
  寧波誠源專利商標事務所 版權所有 2006 all right reserved
   Ningbo Channel Patent & Trademark Attorneys Office, P.R.China  
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